Windows 2012 & Hyper-V: Converged Network and QoS

imageWith Windows 2012, we are now able to create vNICs in the parent partition. This plays major role in building fabrics by providing us with bandwidth management, classifications, flow control based on priority with the help of new QoS settings and functionality.

TechNet has a a common configuration guide published. I will go over the basics of one of the scenarios presented which I think will be common configuration among all implementations, 2-NIC Configuration with Teaming.

If you are planning to create Hyper-V cluster with 2 NICs, you can team both physical NICs, create a Virtual Switch and then create vNICs for Management, Live Migration, Storage and Clustering and apply QoS.

image

 

NICs:

Get-NetAdapter

Name                      InterfaceDescription                    ifIndex Status       MacAddress             LinkSpeed
----                      --------------------                    ------- ------       ----------             ---------
NIC2                      Intel(R) 82574L Gigabit Network Co...#2      16 Up           00-0C-29-45-06-6E         1 GbpsNIC1                      Intel(R) 82574L Gigabit Network Conn...      13 Up           00-0C-29-45-06-641 Gbps

 

To Create Team:

New-NetLbfoTeamTeam2Gb -TeamMembers nic1,nic2 -TeamingMode SwitchIndependent -LoadBalancingAlgorithm TransportPorts -TeamNicName TeamNic2Gb

Name                   : Team2Gb

Members                : {NIC1, NIC2}

TeamNics               : TeamNic2Gb

TeamingMode            : SwitchIndependent

LoadBalancingAlgorithm : TransportPorts

Status                 : Down

 

 

 

 

Virtual Switch and Virtual NICs:

New-VMSwitch-Name2GbSwitch -NetAdapterName TeamNic2Gb -MinimumBandwidthMode Weight -AllowManagementOS $false

Add-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameManagementOS –SwitchName 2GbSw.

Add-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameSMB -SwitchName 2GbSwitch

Add-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameLM -SwitchName 2GbSwitch

Add-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameCluster -SwitchName 2GbSwitch

Set-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameSMB -MinimumBandwidthWeight 40

Set-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameLM -MinimumBandwidthWeight 20

Set-VMNetworkAdapter -ManagementOS -NameCluster -MinimumBandwidthWeight 5

Now you can set IP though GUI or Powershell:

New-NetIPAddress -InterfaceAlias vEthernet (ManagementOS) -IPAddress 192.168.1.180 -PrefixLength 24 -DefaultGateway 192.168.1.1

Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceAlias vEthernet (ManagementOS) -ServerAddresses 192.168.1.100,192.168.1.1

 

Once the Virtual Switch is setup, you will see that some of the settings are no longer manageable by the GUI:

image

And the Network panel shows the new vNICs:

image

Note: When there is a problem with storage connection and access to the CSV is lost by a host, all traffic is routed via CSV network to another Hyper-V cluster node. So, keep its weight relatively higher than the others.

If you have VLANs:

Set-VMNetworkAdapterVlan –ManagementOS –VMNetworkAdapterName SMB –Access –VlanId 100

 

Also, classification and traffic tagging can be used to prioritize the traffic based on type, subnet etc.:

New-NetQosPolicyLM -LiveMigration -PriorityValue 5

Name           : LM

Owner          :GroupPolicy (Machine)

NetworkProfile : All

Precedence     :127

Template       : LiveMigration

PriorityValue  :5

New-NetQosPolicySMB -SMB -PriorityValue 3

New-NetQosPolicyCluster -IPDstPort 3343 -PriorityValue 6

 

To enable priority tagged traffic on the Virtual Switch:

Set-VMNetworkAdapter –ManagementOS –IeeePriorityTag On

Bulent Tolu

Bulent Tolu

Sr. Systems Engineer at VMware
Bulent is an IT professional with Master's in MIS and 10-years of experience in broad range of Information Technologies. He is exposed to engineering/architecting, implementation/integration, and administration of various high-available IT systems and infrastructure. He has a passion to continually research, test and evaluate new technologies and follow industry best practices to secure and optimize IT systems. Currently, he lives in Istanbul and works as a Sr. Systems Engineer at VMware.
Bulent Tolu

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